At the time of this interview, Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira was serving as president for the Centro de Economía Política (Center for Political Economics) and editor of the Brazilian Journal of Political Economy. After training as a lawyer at the University of São Paulo, Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira received his master’s degree in business administration from Michigan State University and joined the faculty of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation. After serving as vice-president of the Pão de Açúcar Group for almost twenty years, he became president of the São Paulo state bank under its first democratically-elected administration, later serving as chief of staff of the governor. Bresser-Pereira served as finance minister of Brazil at the end of the José Sarney administration. During Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s first term, he was minister of federal administration and state reform. Following Cardoso’s reelection, he became minister of science and technology.