Leslye Obiora reflects upon her tenure as minister of mines and steel development in Nigeria between 2006 and 2007. She begins by discussing her appointment to the position of minister and her task to rejuvenate the mining industry and attract foreign investment. She discusses the challenges of passing pertinent legislation in Nigeria. Obiora reflects upon her experience with severe irregularities both within her ministry and on the part of international organizations. She discusses her efforts to eradicate corruption within her ministry with the help of consultants, and she talks about strategies for managing corruption and the importance of whistle-blowers. She discusses several challenges to development in Nigeria, including the lack of relevant information and entrenched interests within international organizations. Finally, Obiora emphasizes the immense importance of institutional memory, policy continuity and consistent, long-term leadership as key to reform and progress.