Fred Mufulukye describes the territorial administrative reforms implemented in Rwanda in 2005-06 that reduced the number of districts to 30 from 106. Local leaders are now elected. Pay for district staff was raised and recruitment became based on qualifications and merit. At the instigation of the president, the government initiated the imihigo process to inspire district performance and achievement of outcomes in governance, economic development, and social development. Based on a cultural tradition from the days of chiefdoms, the process requires that each district develop specific goals and priorities from the bottom up each year. Achievement of these goals and priorities is evaluated and scored each year by the government, motivating each district to out-compete other districts in performance. The program and results in each district are widely publicized in order to engage the citizenry in setting priorities and judging results.
At the time of this interview, Fred Mufulukye was director general for territorial administration and governance in the Ministry of Local Government of Rwanda. He joined the ministry in 2004.