Managing Corruption Risks: Botswana Builds an Anti-Graft Agency, 1994-2012

Full Publication 
Abstract 
In the early 1990s, a string of high-level corruption scandals in Botswana outraged citizens and undercut the country’s reputation for good governance and fiscal prudence. In 1994, the government created the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC), responsible for combating corruption through investigation, prevention, and education. The DCEC won global recognition for its innovative preventive and educational efforts, ranging from preventive units embedded within problem-prone government offices to outreach programs for youth and rural communities. The directorate’s investigative record was more varied, however. Even though investigations of petty graft led to convictions, high-profile cases foundered in court. The DCEC had limited responsibility for those legal setbacks, because its role in prosecution was merely advisory, but the rulings bolstered public concerns that Botswana’s economic and political elites were above the law. Judicial reforms and capacity-building efforts begun in 2012 raised hopes for future investigative gains.
 
Gabriel Kuris drafted this case study based on interviews conducted in Gaborone, Botswana, in March 2013 and in London in August 2013. Case published October 2013. 
 
Associated Interview(s):  Tymon Katlholo, Rose Seretse, Graham Stockwell
Keywords 
tenderpreneurship
Botswana Housing Corporation
specialized prosecutors
specialized court
assessment section
knowledge sharing
corruption prevention committees
assignment studies
outreach
youth education
Rra Boammaruri
Education
Investigation
Prevention
Anti-Corruption Units
DCEC
ICAC
Botswana
spolier trap
bureaucratic structure
governance
coordination
Focus Area(s): 
Building a Reform Team and Staff
Anti-Corruption
Critical Tasks: 
Anti-corruption agencies
Enforcement
Establishing independence
Investigation or referral
Legal structure
Monitoring
Organization and staffing
Prevention
Core Challenge: 
Institutional traps (spoilers)
Country of Reform: 
Botswana
Type: 
Case Studies
Author: 
Gabriel Kuris